Markup Languages in Art - Part 3: Chorus Lines,%2B1914.jpg Bibliodyssey: The Ballets Russes

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"Labanotation (LN) or Kinetography Laban is a notation system for recording and analyzing human movement."

Explore other forms of dance notation here.

Gabriel Sizes, Etude Expérimentale d’Acoustique Musicale, 1920, via Bibliodyssey

"I design fractal algorithms using a visual application of music theory. I manipulate it in photoshop programs to create abstract artwork. I am aspiring to teach and share this process as well as make a living doing so!" - Alan Addison

CAP (Graffiti Analysis Series), 2012 by Evan Roth, via The Creators Project


"SML (Scratch Markup Language) is a new file format for recording and replaying turntablism. We’ve developed open-source tools for accurately capturing the record and crossfader movements of a scratch DJ, allowing us to analyze, transcribe, and recreate scratch performances. We want to do for turntablism what Graffiti Markup Language has done for tagging — especially teaching giant robot arms how to scratch." Ed: Unfortunately it looks as though this project and its related sites are no longer being updated.

Read Markup Languages in Art, Part 1: Vexing Ology

Read Markup Languages in Art, Part 2: Durer's Rhinocerous


Markup Languages in Art - Part 2: Durer's Rhinocerous

"On February 27, 2013, students in Lynda Barry’s “Unthinkable Mind” class at the University of Wisconsin-Madison were given a piece of paper and a flair pen and asked to draw a picture that they couldn’t see. Professor Old Skull was the only one who could see the picture, and she described it line by line, asking them to draw along with the description. What happened? The picture Professor Old Skull was describing appears at the end of the video."

[Professor Lynda got this great idea from Robert Brinkerhoff.]

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"The absurd rendering of many of the animals comes about because the engravers/artists working on the project did not actually see the animals. They had to rely on descriptions and their imagination and, as was the fashion of the time, the animals were placed in contrived settings and often given human facial qualities, which only serves to heighten the sense of bizarre. And thankful we are too."  - Bibliodyssey "Despite these repeated assurances of their fidelity to nature, the colors used in the paintings are applied, more often than not, in a totally arbitrary fashion and bear no resemblance whatsoever to those of the living animals.  …We learn further that Sambia or Loop-Visch, an anglerfish of the family Antennariidae, was captured by the artist on the sand: 'I kept it alive for three days in my house; it followed me everywhere with great familiarity, much like a little dog.'"

- Theodore W. Pietsch, catalogue introduction, Samuel Fallours' Tropical Fishes of the East Indies (Taschen)

"Dürer's Rhinoceros is the name commonly given to a woodcut executed by German painter and printmaker Albrecht Dürer in 1515. The image was based on a written description and brief sketch by an unknown artist of an Indian rhinoceros that had arrived in Lisbon earlier that year. Dürer never saw the actual rhinoceros, which was the first living example seen in Europe since Roman times."


"Until the late 1930s, Dürer's image appeared in school textbooks in Germany as a faithful image of the rhinoceros."

Read Markup Lanuages in Art - Part 1: Vexing Ology

Markup Languages in Art - Part 1: Vexing Ology Click on any image to view its source.

"To marshal two or more coats of arms is to combine them in one shield, to express inheritance, claims to property, or the occupation of an office." - Heraldry

"In heraldry and heraldic vexillology, a blazon is a formal description of a coat of arms, flag or similar emblem, from which the reader can reconstruct the appropriate image. ...Blazon also refers to the specialized language in which a blazon is written, and, as a verb, to the act of writing such a description. This language has its own vocabulary, grammar and syntax, or rules governing word order, which becomes essential for comprehension when blazoning a complex coat of arms."

Arms of Östergötland, Sweden: Gules a griffin with dragon wings, tail and tongue rampant Or armed, beaked, langued and membered azure between four roses argent.

Vexillology is the "scientific study of the history, symbolism, and usage of flags or, by extension, any interest in flags in general."

House of Flags, an installation by Ay Architects celebrating multicultural London.